The Missing Piece to your Riding Might be Right Before Your Eyes

The activity of riding presents us with unique challenges—

These challenges are not only physical ones, such as endurance and strength, but also the mental challenges of concentration, presence, and for many, contending with the fear factor. A simple web search reveals the volumes of instructional materials available to horse enthusiasts on the topic of rider balance, fitness, and improving ones “mental game” 

This article was originally published in East Coast Equestrian

However, an element of improved riding that may not be obvious and not readily found in the literature searches has more to do with one’s visual pathways than one’s physical prowess. Our recent interview with Dr. Maria Katsamanis, a horse trainer with a formal background as a researcher provided insight on what may be a missing link for many seeking to improve their seat and horse’s performance under saddle.

“There are many roads to Rome, but few riders or trainers are aware of, or include some key elements even more fundamental than simple postural awareness and fitness,” says Dr. Katsamanis when questioned about optimizing riders balance and posture.

For example, riders are often told that to improve their riding this requires many formal hours physically sitting on a horse.

However, Dr. Katsamanis has found that this can often result in placing undue strain to the horse. Why? According to Dr. Katsamanis, many riders can have underlying issues with certain pathways that mediates what the eye sees and how that is then processed in the brain. This can have major implications for balance and posturing of both human and horse. Riders who have had falls, even minor concussions, or Lyme Disease can be particularly susceptible to experiencing balance and postural issues both on the ground that then show up magnified under saddle. 

According to Dr. Katsamanis, it is not just the riders that can be impacted by visual pathway issues. There is evidence to suggest that horses can be impacted by visual pathway disrupts as well. Oftentimes, she continues to say, a horse will present with obvious imbalances that trainers will tackle by more exercise and traditional workouts. In her work with horses, Dr. Maria has developed a method to address alignment issues with both horses and humans that has more to do with vision than voltes.

It’s about integrating training tactics, for both horse and human, that can get both comfortable quickly.

Often, the clue of how the rider will be balancing and posturing atop a horse can be found in how they are walking on the ground,” says Dr. Katsamanis.  In the photos one can see the left shoulder markedly higher as the rider walks forward (Figure 1). The same rider (Figure 2) shows a marked difference in her balance and posture after participating in Dr. Katsamanis’s program. 


Addressing alignment issues as part of the training program, in both the horse and rider can lead to some incredible results.

For example, in Figure 3, the rider and horse are seen before addressing their balance issues. The identical rider posturing from Figure 1 can be seen here. Figure 4 shows a horse and rider with a balanced posturing similar to her ground based posturing in Figure 2.

Dr. Katsamanis explains, “The ride should look comfortable and elegant for both."  As a trainer, explains Katsamanis, she can come to know very well the negative consequence, to the horse, when rider imbalances are not addressed. “We have the ability to help the horse or harm them in how we sit and work with them,” says Dr. Katsamanis.

For this body-brain balance, she has aligned with experts in different fields, including optometry, to develop an assessment, individualized programs, and a tackline that speaks to this issue uniquely.

She is careful to note that this interview is just a tiny peek into a discussion that is far more comprehensive and methodical. Her hope is to continue to educate riders worldwide and promote more pointed and effective methods to address horse and rider alignment issues.

  Dr. Maria is continually exploring cutting edge techniques to more effectively help riders reach their goals while ensuring that their horses are comfortable in the process.

Dr. Maria Katsamanis

Dr. Maria Katsamanis has received worldwide recognition as a horse trainer, clinician, exhibition rider, and author. She holds a doctoral degree in clinical psychology.
Dr. Maria has worked with many different breeds and has also had the privilege of training the rare Marwari horses of India. Dr. Maria is coauthor of “The Alchemy of Lightness” (Trafalgar Square Publishing, 2013) that introduces the concept of molecular equitation to the equestrian community.
Her training barn is located in Ringoes, New Jersey and she is hosted for clinics both nationally and internationally. She continues to maintain an appointment as a Clinical Assistant Professor at Rutgers Medical School. With a formal education as a clinical scientist she is able to help demystify and explain elements of this formula where magic seemingly occurs, that are key in helping us establish the ultimate connection with our horses.

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